The slaves’ houses, called « kaz » or« kay », were located not far from the settler’s house. The master allowed the slaves to cultivate a plot of land for their own subsistence. In this way, he reduced the cost of feeding the slaves. This small garden allowed a family to feed and care for themselves and to have access to materials.
Traditionally, the kitchen was located outside the house to avoid the risk of fire.
The coconut palm is also widely used for the consumption of coconut meat, coconut water (rich in minerals), for the manufacture of oil or weaving from the leaves. It originates from the Pacific Ocean and was imported to the West Indies in 1625.
Today, these foods are an integral part of Caribbean culinary traditions and the landscape of the Caribbean islands.
Other plants were also introduced by people deported from Africa, India or Asia, notably through the contribution of seeds. These products were also integrated into Martinique’s culinary traditions and added to the Creole gardens.
Citrus – Origin: Asia
Turmeric – origin: Asia
Okra and coffee – origin: Africa