The SDG 11 aims to make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
According to the United Nations Statistics Division, over 90 per cent of COVID-19 cases are occurring in urban areas, with the 1 billion residents of the world’s densely populated slums being hit the hardest.
Even before the coronavirus, rapid urbanization meant that 4 billion people – over half of the global population – in the world’s cities faced worsening air pollution, inadequate infrastructure and services, and unplanned urban sprawl. Successful examples of containing COVID-19 demonstrate the remarkable resilience and adaptability of urban communities in adjusting to new norms.
Cities will emerge from the pandemic, but whether they are prepared for the next crisis will depend on how much they can advance data-driven inclusive and sustainable urban development.
The SDG 11 aims to:
The most pressing challenges facing cities today:
The aim of the cities of the future should be to create a variety of undisturbed terrestrial and aquatic habitats in the urban environment, connected by corridors for animal migration and seed distribution.
Green roofs, ordinary parks, private gardens and green facades could provide additional space for animals and plants.
Investing in parks and green spaces in urban areas will help to ameliorate the urban heat island effect and improve air quality in urban spaces.
Policies and programmes that better support underserved populations, improve systems for participatory urban planning and decision-making are critical.